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Following the deterioration of conditions in the Haight-Ashbury in 1968, hippies moved to communes throughout the west coast, specifically in the nearby Santa Cruz Mountains above San Francisco in California. Beginning as a utopian vision, many of the traditions and problems that commune residents sought to escape manifested again in communal life, including the division of races, repression of women, and intolerance of homosexuals. Additionally, they could not escape the financial realities of the world they lived in, and communes were plagued with health issues and unscrupulous individuals. Eventually, women of the communes, forced to provide income for their families when their men drifted away, engaged in successful entrepreneurial ventures such as natural food co-ops -- the beginnings of the natural food craze which still exists today.


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19 Jul 2022
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  • Alternative title
    • Hippie Communes of the West Coast

  • Journal title
    • Papers & Publications

  • Volume
    • 6

  • Issue
    • 1

  • Date submitted

    19 July 2022

  • Keywords
  • Additional information
    • Acknowledgements:

      Thank you to Dr. Dee Gillespie for all of your help and faith in my work.

      Author Biography:

      I was born and raised in the Bay Area of California and, following high school, went to work for a major highway contractor in San Jose. I resigned my position after sixteen years at the birth of my son in 1998, deciding to dedicate myself to being a full-time at-home-mom. While at home, I methodically completed an AS in history and another in paralegal studies at West Valley College in Saratoga, earning the Paralegal Academic Achievement Award upon my graduation. In 2011, we relocated to the Atlanta, Georgia area. With my son older, I decided to fulfill my lifelong dream of completing a BA in my first love, history, and was accepted to the University of North Georgia where I finished my degree (minor in political science), Summa cum laude, in May of 2017. I was honored to receive the UNG History Award in 2016. I am a member of the Golden Key Honor Society, the Society for Collegiate Leadership and Achievement, and Phi Kappa Phi. I am currently seeking employment and entertaining the thought of graduate school.

      Graduation Date:

      May 2017