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This chapter moves away from the absolute and abstract universals proposed by most linguists to advance a concept of universals that is more statistical than absolute, and that is based more on our embodied experience in our natural and social environments than on an idealized mental faculty. Recognizing inputs from African languages and their speakers, the multicausal scenario adopted here asserts that no viable account of lexico-semantics in Afro-Atlantic colonial era contact repertoires is possible without also invoking the role of the embodied and contextualized imaginative processes of the human mind, such as metaphorical and metonymic reasoning.


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  • Institution
    • Dahlonega

  • Publisher
    • Routledge

  • Date submitted

    20 July 2022

  • Additional information
    • Book or Journal Information:

      In Faraclas, N. G., & Delgado, S. J., Creoles, revisited: Language contact, language change, and postcolonial linguistics (pp. 185-204). Routledge. This innovative book contributes to a paradigm shift in the study of creole languages, forging new empirical frameworks for understanding language and culture in sociohistorical contact. The authors bring together archival sources to challenge dominant linguistic theory and practice and engage issues of power, positioning marginalized indigenous peoples as the center of, and vital agents in, these languages’ formation and development. Students in language contact, pidgins and creoles, Caribbean studies, and postcolonial studies courses—and scholars across many disciplines—will benefit from this book and be convinced of the importance of understanding creoles and creolization.