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Recently protests or marches such as those in Charlottesville, Virginia, have caused concern among the public regarding the balance between freedom of speech and race-based violence. The purpose of the current study was to explore current perceptions of race ideology groups and race relations in the United States. More specifically, we assessed if students at our small, southern college viewed race ideology groups as problematic in society. We were particularly interested in how students viewed Black Lives Matter and White supremacist groups differently depending on their own race and political affiliation. Overall, roughly half of our respondents reported all race ideology groups have a right to freedom of speech. Other results indicated conservative students were more likely to view Black Lives Matter as harmful for race relations and violent in comparison to liberal students. This relationship remained significant while controlling for other factors such as a student's gender, race and other factors.


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19 Jul 2022
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  • Alternative title
    • Race Ideology Groups

  • Journal title
    • Papers & Publications

  • Volume
    • 7

  • Issue
    • 1

  • Date submitted

    19 July 2022

  • Keywords
  • Additional information
    • Acknowledgements:

      Acknowledgments: A special thanks to Dr. Mick Lynch and the Institutional Review Board at Florida Southern College for providing feedback for the current study.

      Author Biography:

      Bailey Williams is an alumna of Florida Southern College where she graduated cum laude and earned a B.A. in Criminology and Interpersonal Communications. She is currently working in Sarasota County while studying for the LSAT. She hopes to continue her education in the future at a Florida law school. Hayes is recent graduate of Florida Southern College. She graduated cum laude and earned two degrees, a B.A. in Criminology and a B.S. in Psychology. Niyyah is currently working towards her Masters in Social Work on the clinical track with a focus on forensics and the armed forces at the University of Central Florida. She works as a Graduate Coordinator for Housing and Residence Life at UCF and hopes to continue researching race, the criminal justice system, and collegiate opinions of world issues. After graduating from UCF, Niyyah plans to pursue a PhD in Clinical Psychology. Caroline Lombardo is an alumna from Florida Southern College with her Bachelors of Science degree in Criminology and Psychology. Caroline is continuing her education and is enrolled in the Masters of Criminal Justice Program at University of Central Florida. Caroline is currently working as a deputy for the Brevard County Sheriff’s Office. Dr. Blankenship is an Assistant Professor of Social Science at Florida Southern College. Her research area interests include race, class and gender portrayals within educational media. She is also interested in and writes about a variety of issues within the criminal justice system.

      Graduation Date:

      December 2018