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The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency with which students use math word problem strategies during and after schema-based instruction. It examines the extent to which students increase their ability to correctly solve word problems. It compares students’ attitudes toward mathematics problem solving before and after schema-based instruction. The study was conducted in a resource class with seven second-grade students on individualized education programs (IEPs). A single-subject research design was used. The schema-based instruction was implemented by the special education teacher in a small group setting. Students showed an increase in attempted and correct strategy use during instruction. Three students increased their attempts of strategy use from pretest to posttest, but only one student used the strategy correctly on all attempts. The mean problem-solving accuracy increased from 22 percent to 34 percent from pretest to posttest. Students showed minimal change in their attitude toward math word problems.

Keywords schema-based instruction, mathematics word problems, special education, elementary education


File nameDate UploadedVisibilityFile size
19 Jul 2022
1.22 MB



  • Institution
    • Cumming

  • Publisher
    • Georgia Educational Researcher

  • Date submitted

    19 July 2022

  • Additional information
    • Author Biography:

      Scarlet Hughes is a public school teacher and graduate alumni of the University of North Georgia. Josh Cuevas is a professor and educational psychologist at the University of North Georgia.