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This study investigates patterns of relationships in Ireland, focusing on the impact of such relationships within Irish society. This paper contends that the social climate in modern and present-day Ireland may be traced to the historical context. Thus, patterns of relationships appear in various periods, and the current relational patterns result from historical events and the social structure of pre-modern Ireland. More specifically, hegemonic relations have been present throughout history. As a result, the Irish have endured unequal treatment, as they have been viewed as inferior, and forced to suffer due to poor economic and social conditions. Further, issues of inequality, dominance, and conflict have been evident in Ireland for centuries.


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21 Jul 2022
277 kB



  • Alternative title
    • Patterns of Social Relationships and Their Outcomes

  • Journal title
    • International Social Science Review

  • Volume
    • 98

  • Issue
    • 2

  • Date submitted

    20 July 2022

  • Keywords
  • Additional information
    • Acknowledgements:

      Dr. J. Suzanne Farmer is an Associate Professor of History at Northeastern State University. Dr. Jennifer Edwards is a Professor of Sociology at Northeastern State University,