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We acquired firm-level data from 27 post-communist economies in Eastern Europe and Central Asia during 2002–08, and we estimated financial constraints’ longitudinal impacts on firms’ innovating activities. Overall, we found financial constraints to significantly impede firms’ innovation input and output, as we had expected. Through further studies, we also found the impacts of financial constraints to be contingent on multiple factors, such as an overall economy’s development level and firms’ exporting statuses. After grouping firms based on their countries’ income levels, we found financial constraints to significantly reduce innovations in developing countries, but not in developed countries. Meanwhile, we found financial constraints to significantly impede innovations in non-exporting firms, but not in exporting firms. On an extended timeline, financial constraints still significantly affect firms’ long-term innovation outputs, but not inputs.


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  • Institution
    • Dahlonega

  • Publisher
    • Routledge

  • Date submitted

    20 July 2022

  • Keywords
  • Additional information
    • Book or Journal Information:

      Post-Communist Economies