Body size and composition are among the many physiological factors that influence sport performance and health. However, limited research is available examining longitudinal changes of body composition among NCAA Division-1 female athletes. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess longitudinal body composition changes over one season in NCAA Division-1 female basketball players. Methods: Nine (n = 9) female NCAA Division-1 basketball players participated in this study. Data were collected in October and June in consecutive years. Each visit, body weight (BW) was measured with a calibrated digital scale and body fat percentage (BF%), fat mass (FM), and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured via air displacement plethysmography (BODPOD). Results: There were no statistical differences in BW (78.6 ± 13.6 kg to 79.4 ± 13.2 kg; p = 0.366, Cohen’s d = 0.06), BF% (20.6 ± 7.5% to 21.7 ± 7.8%; p = 0.104, Cohen’s d = 0.15), FM (17.0 ± 9.1 kg to 18.1 ± 9.3 kg; p = 0.156, Cohen’s d = 0.12), or FFM (61.6 ± 4.9 kg to 61.3 ± 4.7 kg; p = 0.498 Cohen’s d = 0.06) during this period. Conclusions: No statistically significant mean changes were seen in BW, BF%, FM, or FFM from preseason to off-season. However, slight individual changes in body composition may be expected over the course of a season. During the preseason to offseason, on average, NCAA Divison-1 female basketball players may expect to maintain BW, BF%, FM, and FFM. Monitoring individual longitudinal body composition assessment is of value.
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- Event location
- Event date
22 March 2019
- Date submitted
19 July 2022
- Additional information
Dr. Jason Casey, Dr. Supriya Reddy