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This study examined whether students were reaching automaticity with single digit multiplication facts. A fourteen question interview was used to collect data. The first three questions asked the student basic information about themselves and their current math teacher. The next seven questions were math facts. The math facts chosen for the interview were a range of difficulty, starting with a simple problem like 1 x 9 and increasing in difficulty to 6 x 9. The last four questions were open-ended with the intent of gaining insight into whether the students were using strategies to complete the problems or if they were showing automaticity. The study took place in one elementary school and one middle school. The participants were students from 3rd, 5th, and 8th grade. There were nine students from 3rd grade. Four were male and five were female. Ten students were from 5th grade. Four were male and six were female. Five students were from 8th grade. Three were male and two were female. The findings from this study are consistent with research included in this study in that students are continuing to struggle with single digit multiplication problems.


This is a metadata-only record.



  • Institution
    • Gainesville

  • Publisher
    • Georgia Educational Researcher

  • Date submitted

    19 July 2022

  • Keywords
  • Additional information
    • Author Biography:

      Austin Tyler Baker is a public school teacher and graduate alumni at the University of North Georgia Josh Cuevas is a professor and educational psychologist at the University of North Georgia

      Book or Journal Information:

      Vol. 14, Iss. 2 , Article 2