Skip to main content


The United States has higher rates of sexually transmitted infections and teen pregnancies than other industrialized nations. Cumulative effects of this social problem are increases in healthcare costs and government assistance programs. Some states have no legislation regarding sex education while others place much emphasis on this social issue. Education methods vary from state to state and within states from one area to another. Abstinence-only education and comprehensive sex education are two distinct methods. This research literature review included the use of CINAHL, Medline, RCT’s and a Cochrane review. Current research shows no difference in effectiveness between abstinence-only education and those students receiving no sex education. Research also shows that comprehensive education is much more effective than abstinence only. Nurses should advocate for comprehensive sex education.


This is a metadata-only record.



  • Event location
    • Open 3rd Floor

  • Event date
    • 4 April 2013

  • Date submitted

    18 July 2022

  • Additional information
    • Acknowledgements:

      Dianne Nelson, Ph.D., R.N.